America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to by Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing

By Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing

The newly reunified usa skilled a tenuous peace following the yank Civil struggle. It used to be a interval characterised by way of nice technological advances, but additionally by means of elevated political, financial, and social polarization. This penetrating examine American background among the Civil warfare and twentieth century comprises firsthand debts that show the existing ideologies of the time and make clear major humans and occasions.

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Not only was the attack on Quebec repulsed, but only about half the colony’s soldiery survived the campaign. Thereafter, Massachusetts understood that it could eliminate the French only with help both from the other colonies and Great Britain. Hutchinson came to Albany to fashion a union of provinces that would help secure Massachusetts’s ends. He unveiled a plan that urged Parliament to form two confederations, one of the eight northern colonies, and a separate union consisting of the southern provinces.

Intended to be the greatest revenue producer, the Stamp Act imposed duties on most courtsanctioned documents, licenses, contracts, commissions, wills, and mort­ gages, as well as on playing cards, dice, and published materials, including newspapers, calendars, pamphlets, and almanacs. Every aspect of the new policy aroused anger in America. 16 Merchants objected to the new Admiralty Court. Not only was standing trial in faraway Halifax a costly proposi­ tion, but an accused smuggler stood a far greater likelihood of convic­ tion by a panel of naval officers than by a jury of his peers at home.

Whitehall soon moved to eradicate the rot in its customs service and to dramatically increase the number of agents that patrolled provincial wharves. It addi­ tionally erected an Admiralty Court in Halifax, where mobs were unlikely to intimidate magistrates, and gave it original jurisdiction in cases involv­ ing violations of imperial trade laws. By the Currency Act of 1764, it re­ stricted the issuance of paper money by the colonies. 14 Henceforth, American money had to be based on gold and silver and was to have the same value as the pound that circulated in the mother country.

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