Academia's Golden Age: Universities in Massachusetts, by Richard M. Freeland

By Richard M. Freeland

This ebook examines the evolution of yank universities throughout the years following global battle II. Emphasizing the significance of switch on the campus point, the ebook combines a common attention of nationwide tendencies with an in depth research of 8 varied universities in Massachusetts. The 8 are Harvard, M.I.T., Tufts, Brandeis, Boston collage, Boston collage, Northeastern and the college of Massachusetts. huge analytic chapters research significant advancements like enlargement, the increase of graduate schooling and study, the professionalization of the school, and the decline of normal schooling. those chapters additionally assessment criticisms of academia that arose within the past due Sixties and the destiny of assorted reform proposals in the course of the Seventies. extra chapters concentrate on the 8 campuses to demonstrate the forces that drove other kinds of institutions--research universities, college-centered universities, city inner most universities and public universities--in responding to the conditions of the postwar years.

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During his remarkable forty-year presidency, Eliot pursued his priorities relentlessly. A separate Graduate Department was delineated within the Faculty of Arts and Sciences in 1872. The existing graduate shcools were modernized and expanded one by one. A Graduate School of Business Administration was founded in 1908. The instructional staff grew from less than sixty at the beginning of Eliot's tenure to about six hundred at the end and adopted mod19 Contexts ern academic norms. D. became the standard credential for faculty status in Arts and Sciences.

In 1929 Speare and his associates acquired a parcel of land close to the Y's new facility on Huntington Avenue with the intention of constructing a proper campus. 30 34 Education in Massachusetts before 1945 Historical Dynamics of Academic Change The Roots of Competition Among Universities: The Problem of Resources Each university in Massachusetts was created by a specific component of the state's population to advance goals of interest and benefit to itself. The early histories of these schools, however, demonstrated the importance of competition among them in determining patterns of institutional change.

This problem was especially severe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In a period of weak and changing leadership, champions of the technical side achieved a dominant position and impeded the advancement of basic research. The appointment of Richard Maclaurin as president in 1909, however, gave power to a leader who understood the potential of Rogers's initial conception. T. " This new type of institution would add two elements to Rogers's design: first, research and graduate work in fundamental disciplines like physics and chemistry; second, an intensified learning environment at the undergraduate level based on residential facilities and a strenthened program of liberal education.

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