A reference grammar of Oko: A West Benue-Congo language of by Joseph Dele Atoyebi

By Joseph Dele Atoyebi

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Extra info for A reference grammar of Oko: A West Benue-Congo language of North-Central Nigeria

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Palace’ [útQm áyC] ‘the job’ [fo@Km ígìlà] ‘to pound yam’ From the examples in (32a-d), the syllable-final N is pronounced as [n] and [m] across morpheme and word boundaries under the following conditions: i. the first word or morpheme ends with a nasalized vowel ii. the second word or morpheme starts with an oral vowel iii. Both the nasalized and the following oral vowel occur in the same phonological phrase. 48 Constructions which involve conjoined NPs are not included in the definition of ‘same phonological phrase’.

The following examples show their distribution. pa@]? rCK/ ? páN i. CV ‘workplace’ ‘scorpion’ The following statements can be made on the nature of the syllable Phonologically, there are no consonant clusters in Òko syllables. That is, /CC/ structures are not permitted. However, [CC] may be permitted where the second [C] is a glide, namely, [j] or [w]. Hence, (4) [Cj] or [Cw] (cf. 4). /síárCK/ /éfúá/ ii. [sjárCK] [éfwá] ‘to play’ ‘saliva’ All syllables must end in V, except for syllables with vN sequence.

The prothetic i- is prefixed to noun stems that have a [+ATR] vowel in the adjacent syllable, while the prothetic C- is bound to noun stems that have a [– ATR] vowel in the adjacent syllable. One notes however that the vowel harmony alternation is between [+ATR] /i/ and [– ATR] /]/, and not between [+ATR] /e/ and [– ATR] /]/, even though both are perceived as closer to each other on the vowel scale than /i/ is to /]/. 4). The consequence of the insertion process as a syllable structure process in Òko is that it increases the number of syllables in a word.

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