By Edward Denison (ed.)
The 50 most important rules and types in structure, each one defined in part a minute. The bestselling 30-Second sequence bargains a brand new method of studying approximately these topics you're feeling you have to particularly comprehend. each identify takes a favored subject and dissects it into the 50 most vital principles at its center. each one thought, regardless of how advanced, is defined utilizing a trifling pages, three hundred phrases, and one photograph: all simply digested in just part a minute. 30-Second structure offers you with the principles of architectural wisdom. specialist authors are challenged to outline and describe either the rules upon which architects count, and the types with which they placed these rules into perform. So, that will recognize your arch out of your elevation, and your Baroque out of your Brutalism, otherwise you desire to fill up your subsequent banquet with a stirring speech on how shape follows functionality, this can be the fastest solution to construct your argument.
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Additional resources for 30-Second Architecture: The 50 Most Signicant Principles and Styles in Architecture, Each Explained in Half a Minute
The first stones above the supporting piers are the springers, which carry the wedge-shaped elements called voussoirs. The keystone at the apex of the arch completes the structure. However, depending on the curve, horizontal forces can push outwards at the base. In Gothic cathedrals, for example, external elements – flying buttresses – counteract these forces, channelling them into the ground. RELATED TOPICS ROMAN ROMANESQUE GOTHIC THE DOME THE VAULT 3-SECOND BIOGRAPHIES EERO SAARINEN 1910–61 Finnish-American architect, who erected the catenary Gateway Arch in St Louis, Missouri SANTIAGO CALATRAVA 1951– Spanish architect/engineer who designs slim-dimensioned steel arched structures 30-SECOND TEXT Marjan Colletti Arches are very distinct features and, as such, an aid to recognizing the style of architecture.
3-MINUTE ELEVATION The ability of a beam to withstand vertical forces may be judged intuitively by the span-to-depth ratio. This is defined by the relationship between the depth of a beam’s cross section and the distance between the supports at either end. If the span is narrow and the section is thick, the beam may appear unnecessarily massive and unwieldy, whereas if the span is too wide and the section too thin, the beam may fail. RELATED TOPICS THE ARCH THE COLUMN THE FRAME MODERNISM 30-SECOND TEXT Edward Denison One of the most elemental structural components, the beam, in its simplest form, is a horizontal load-bearing member supported at each end.
3-MINUTE ELEVATION The Greeks were concerned with how their buildings looked and used optical illusions. Their temples did not use straight lines, since if a beam were completely straight it would appear to sag, and a strictly vertical column would appear to lean outward. Similarly, fluting makes columns appear more slender than plainer columns. All that remains of these temples is the marble, but they were once richly decorated and painted with many colours. RELATED TOPICS ROMAN THE BEAM THE COLUMN 3-SECOND BIOGRAPHIES PHIDIAS c.